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Future Simple (will/won’t + infinitive)
- Predictions/opinions about the future not based on evidence
Next summer will be very eventful.
- Spontaneous decisions
There is no sugar left. I will go to the supermarket and buy some.
Will you help me with this heavy bag?
I will start dieting from next year onwards.
To Be Going To + Infinitive
- Predictions based on evidence
The sky is so dark. It is going to snow.
I am going to have dinner with my boyfriend tonight.
Present Continuous (am/is/are +Ving)
- Short term plans or arrangements (specific time or place)
I am visiting my grandparents next week.
- Timetables, arrangements and fixed events (which the speaker cannot change)
The train departs at 6:15 from track six.
- After if in first conditional and zero conditional tenses
If technology continues to advance so quickly, what will life be like in a hundred years?
- After certain words and phrases (when, as soon as, before, after, until/till, while, once)
Let’s have a pizza after we visit the natural history museum.
Let me know as soon as you receive the package.
Future Continuous (will/won’t be + Ving)
- A specific period of time in the future
This time next week, I will be taking my Maths exam.
- Habits or repeated actions at a point in the future
In the future, we will all be flying around using jet-packs.
Future Perfect (will/won’t have +V3)
- Actions which are completed some time between now and a point in the future
I will have finished my homework by the time you come home.
Future Perfect Continuous (will/won’t have been + Ving)
- Actions in progress up to a point in the future
At five o’clock, I will have been doing my homework for 7 hours!