AM/IS/ARE + -ing
I am doing something = I am in the middle of doing it; I’ve started doing it and I haven’t finished yet
- Please don’t make so much noise. I am trying to work.
- Where’s Mark? He‘s having a shower.
- Let’s go out now. It isn’t raining any more.
- What’s all that noise? What’s going on?
The action is not necessarily happening at the time of speaking. For example:
- I am reading a really good book at the moment. It’s about a man who…
He is not reading the book at the time of speaking. He means that he has started it but he has not finished it yet. He is in the middle of reading it.
- Kate wants to work in Spain, so she is learning Spanish. (but perhaps she isn’t learning Spanish at the time of speaking)
- Some friends of mine are building their own house. They hope to finish it next summer.
You can use the present continuous with today / this week / this year etc. (periods around now)
- You are working really hard today.
- The company I work for isn’t doing so well this year.
We use the present continuous when we talk about changes happening around now, especially with these verbs:
- Is your English getting better?
- The population of the world is increasing very fast.
- At first I didn’t like my job, but I‘m beginning to enjoy it now.